Chart of the Week: Visualizing Women’s Unpaid Work Across the Globe

Chart of the Week: Visualizing Women’s Unpaid Work Across the Globe
Nayomi Chibana

Written by:
Nayomi Chibana

Mar 05, 2019
international women's day header wide

Imagine for a minute if women across the globe stopped doing all the domestic, unpaid labor they do day after day: the cooking, cleaning, child care, laundry, shopping, etc. The global economy would collapse and society would stop functioning.

Yet, despite report after report on the importance of reducing women's "time poverty" across the globe, the burden of unpaid labor continues to fall disproportionately to women, especially in developing countries.

Even for women in higher income countries, "work" doesn't stop once they get home from their day job—it just starts. In the US, for example, women still spend nearly an hour more on household activities than men.

In celebration of International Women's Day and to honor the often-undervalued contributions of women across the globe, we created this eye-opening visualization on the differences between the time men and women spend on unpaid work across the world:

By comparing the relative area of each circle to the rest, you can clearly see that the countries with the highest inequality in unpaid work (defined by the OECD as routine housework, shopping, care for household members, volunteering and travel related to household activities) are India, Japan, Korea, Mexico, Turkey and Portugal.

Meanwhile, those with the highest equality are Scandinavian countries such as Sweden, Norway, Finland and Denmark. Behind these countries are those with slightly higher gaps, such as Canada, United States, Germany, United Kingdom, Belgium and France.

It is worth contrasting this with OECD's leisure time statistics, which reveal that women still work more and play less in all OECD countries, as visualized in the circular bar chart below:

Here, it is evident that the countries with the greatest disparity in leisure time enjoyed by men and women are Portugal, Greece and Italy, while those with the smallest gap are Norway, Denmark, Netherlands and New Zealand.

What is your interpretation of the above data visualizations on unpaid work and leisure time in OECD countries? Do you agree with global development experts that unpaid work should be more equally distributed to allow for the economic and social progress of women across the world? Let us know your thoughts below.

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    About the Author

    Nayomi Chibana is a journalist and writer for Visme’s Visual Learning Center. Besides researching trends in visual communication and next-generation storytelling, she’s passionate about data-driven content.

    8 responses to “Chart of the Week: Visualizing Women’s Unpaid Work Across the Globe”

    1. LI MAO says:

      I think the unpaid work should be more equally distributed to allow for the economic and social progress of women across the world. The truth that in no country unpaid work of men is more than women surprised me.

      • Thanks for your comment, Li. These visuals only show data for OECD countries, but it is more than probable that the trend also holds for other countries not listed here.

    2. Carola HUME says:

      great info…. i wouldn’t like to be an asian woman living in korea japan or india, they seem to have the worst deal!

    3. Elin says:

      Makes me feel proud to be Norwegian!

    4. Teckla Holmes says:

      I would also like to see the relative employment minutes as well. I know this is about unpaid work as an article, but without using that information as well, the argument can be made that ” Of course, they don’t do that!? The men are working paid hours and contributing that way!!” which of course they are, but Women are still working for pay. Their income is less, but also less risky to their family’s well being on average. To show the total numbers of how women work more than men, and still get paid less per average hour of labor than men would be a very thoughtful visual.

      • Thanks for your insight, Teckla. The stats show that women still devote more time to work overall (unpaid and paid) than men (you can see this by clicking on Data Source link to right of each image). As for paid work, women on average work less hours than men at the aggregate level, which in turn affects hourly wage. You can see read more about it here:

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