15 Graphic Organizers and How They Help Visualize Ideas

15 Graphic Organizers and How They Help Visualize Ideas

Written by:
Orana Velarde

Sep 12, 2019
An illustration of a man with an idea contraption attached to his head.

In this guide, you will find 15 different types of graphic organizers:

Choose the type of organizer that you want from the navigation above or scroll down to see each of the different types included, one by one.


1 Circle Map Graphic Organizer

The purpose of the circle map is to brainstorm an idea or topic using related information.

A circle map consists of a large circle with another circle inside, where the main topic or idea takes center stage. Surrounding it is the larger circle where corresponding ideas flow.

A circle map graphic organizer about Instagram Stories.
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As the second circle fills up, connections and definitions grow organically and visually. In the second circle, any type of wording can define the main idea; nouns, adjectives or even phrases.

Preschoolers can also use the circle map to learn simple concepts like colors and shapes.

For example, the triangle shape. The word "triangle" goes in the center, and surrounding it are things that have a triangle shape. The outer circle can even include how a triangle makes them feel.

Circle maps are great for brainstorming the very beginning of an idea. You can use it on a whiteboard for a group brainstorm session. With the help of a circle map, great ideas can begin to take shape, and eventually become complete and complex plans.

You can also use a circle map to get the ball rolling with a newly created team!

If the team members don’t know each other very well, a circle map exercise can break the ice and get them to open up about their ideas. Use the interior circle to ask, “What do we want to achieve with this project?” and watch the interaction flourish.


2 Spider Map Graphic Organizer

The spider map's purpose is to define a main topic with specific descriptive connections.

In this instance, the center circle stems off to other circles which surround it, creating a visual image of a spider. Each connected leg and circle will include a defining adjective or phrase.

A spider map graphic organizer about yearly goals.
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The difference between a circle map and a spider map is that the circle map is more suited for a brainstorming stage, while the spider map is better for defining a topic in detail.

In schools, the spider map makes a regular appearance in science classrooms. Students learn to define new lessons visually, by defining the main topic with a spider map.

For example, consider the subject of animal families. The center circle is mammals and the surrounding circles represent characteristics like give birth, live young, have fur, etc.

In a marketing setting, you can use a spider map to define an audience persona.

In the middle circle, we state the general idea of the persona, such as "a multiracial millennial male." In the surrounding circles, we add defining adjectives like works for himself, lives in the city, considers his friends his family, and more.

Another use for a spider map is for goal setting. There are a couple of ways to do this. One is to figure out a set of goals in a timeframe, like the spider map example above on yearly goals.

The other idea is to map out why you want to complete a certain goal.

For example, "Why do I need a new website?" can go in the center. The surrounding circles can include things like the design is boring and dated or the UX is not working very well. This can then help sort out the exact things that you need to change on your website!


3 Idea Wheel Graphic Organizer

The idea wheel is like a mixture of the circle map and the spider map.

This graphic organizer works for brainstorming and organizing ideas at the same time. The center of the chart holds the main topic which is being studied and around it there can be other circles or shapes, a sectioned larger circle or connected bubbles.

An idea wheel graphic organizer about Renaissance artists.
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The purpose of an idea wheel is to organize information hierarchically or as a sequence.

Thoughts are added around the main idea in specific sections, and then explained inside the same circle or with a shape stemming out.

Idea wheels are good for freestyle brainstorming and organizing information about a topic. It helps with taking notes while doing research or getting an idea of the bigger picture.


4 Idea Web Graphic Organizer

The idea web graphic organizer is a combination of two spider maps. It's basically a comparison organizer that defines differences and similarities between topics.

An idea web graphic organizer comparing desert and water biomes.
Customize a similar template and make it your own!Edit and Download

In an idea web, the two central circles contain the main ideas. Stemming out from both are circles of two types. In the two first stemmed circles are the shared similarities. Towards the sides are the circles that define the differences.

This type of organizer is perfect for situations in which concepts or ideas need a visual comparison. School students use idea webs for courses like Language Arts. They compare characters, situations and parts of the story, making it all easier to grasp.

Another situation in which an idea map could come in handy is when making decisions. If you have to choose between two solutions to a problem, an idea web can help you make a final decision.

By comparing and contrasting visually, the option becomes more clear. In the same way, an idea web can be a slide inside a presentation. It can show a comparison between concepts.

Idea webs can also work really well as infographics. The layout of the circles doesn’t need to follow a strict grid. Get creative with organizing the circles as long as they're still understandable.


5 Concept Map Graphic Organizer

Very similar to an idea web is the concept map. This type of graphic organizer can analyze one single topic instead of two or more topics at once.

A concept map and an idea web look very similar with circles stemming out from the center. The difference is that an idea web is for comparing while a concept map is for brainstorming and organizing.

A concept map graphic organizer about a marketing plan.
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Concept maps sometimes stem out in so many directions that they end up looking really complicated. These types of graphic organizers are good for many stages of content production. From the messy brainstorm stage to the more structured hierarchical organization.

This type of organizational chart usually ends up very large and complex. It's more suited for personal use than for an infographic or presentation. Although, a concept map is sometimes used for data visualizations that show connections between topics.


6 Venn Diagram Graphic Organizer

Venn Diagram organizers are similar to idea webs, but the visual difference is that the circles or sections overlap each other instead of being connected with lines.

A Venn diagram graphic organizer comparing freelance and corporate jobs.
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Venn Diagrams are great for helping to find similarities and differences between concepts.

The similarities in a Venn diagram are placed in the union between two or more circles, while the differences are placed where the previous circles don’t meet.

Venn diagrams can become quite complex with many circles (or other shapes) overlapping in different areas, showing comparisons and differences between lots of different things.

Another great use for a Venn diagram is to show how one topic can include many different things to define it and how some of these can even be compared to each other, like in the example below.

A Venn diagram graphic organizer about Japanese concept Ikigai.

If you want to create your own Venn diagram, you can find some practical and easily customizable Venn diagram templates inside Visme. Just pick one and start editing.


7 Tree Chart Graphic Organizer

When it's time to classify and organize information, the tree chart can be of great help. Visually, the tree chart resembles a real tree, and some people even associate it with a family tree.

The topmost section is the main title or topic, below that are the qualifiers or subtopics. Below the subtopics, the relevant information forms a list.

A tree chart graphic organizer about an upcoming event.

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Tree charts can be used in nearly every industry, especially in education. In an elementary school setting, they can help classify concepts, such as animal families or types of sentences.

A tree chart can be used as a visual outline for any type of written project like an essay or blog post. The title and introduction are placed at the top and the paragraphs branch out underneath.

A practical way of using a tree chart is to organize tasks for a large project. The name of the project goes at the top and each team is a subtopic below. Further below are the names of the team members and their relevant tasks.


8 Organizational Chart Graphic Organizer

Although it looks similar to a tree chart, an organizational chart has a different purpose.

A tree chart separates information into sections that stem from each other as classification, while an organizational chart is more about hierarchy.

An organizational chart graphic organizer showcasing a digital marketing team.
Customize this organizational chart template and make it your own!Edit and Download

The most common use for an organizational chart is for internal company purposes. It can help visually organize the positions of the founders and everyone who comes after.

The sections at the top of the chart are for the CEO, CFO, etc. Below them are the managers and so on in hierarchical order. The same system can be used to visualize a team inside a company.

Visme has some great templates for organizational charts that you can easily customize for your own company or project. You can also create one from scratch using the drag-and-drop editor.

Check out this video on how to make an organizational chart in Visme.


9 Sequence of Events Chain Graphic Organizer

A sequence of events chain is pretty much the same as a flowchart. This type of graphic organizer is a visual representation of a process, progression or set of instructions.

A sequence of events chain graphic organizer about blockchain.
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The main topic of a sequence of events chain is labeled outside of the map in the rectangle that surrounds it. Connected shapes form the steps in the progression or explanation of the chain. Some shapes can also have an extra one connected to it to describe that particular step.

We see sequence of events chains all the time in infographics about the growth of a startup or a topic’s progress of change. Here at Visme, we used a sequence of events chain to show how our graphics editor improved in 2017 with new feature updates.

Recipes also look great as sequence of events chains. Start at the beginning with the ingredients and then add the step-by-step process of the recipe, filling in each consecutive shape.

Sequence of events chains, just like idea webs, can be quite creative in their design. You can include illustrations, shapes, colors and even animations to make them more interesting.


10 Cause and Effect Map Graphic Organizer

The cause and effect map helps to figure out the causes and effects of certain events. The way to use it is to start with a main event, which fills the main central section of the map.

A cause and effect graphic organizer about air pollution.
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From the main section, other connected shapes stem out to the left and right. The shapes to the left represent the causes that helped the event happen. The shapes to the right are the effects of the chosen event. In some occasions, an effect can also become a cause, creating a feedback loop.

This graphic organizer can help to show the ways in which something is achieved by using the causes functionality. For example, "Be more productive" can be the main event. Some of the causes on each side could be spending less time on social media, or using a calendar or timer.

Another way to use a cause and effect map is to predict the outcome of a certain event.

For example, "Move the office to a bigger place downtown" can be the main event. To predict possible effects, connect shapes to the right of the main event and fill them in. Some of the resulting effects could be that it would be a longer commute, or we would be closer to networking events.

The cause and effect map can also be combined with a sequence of events chain. This way you can create a progression towards a cause, or a succession of events after an effect.

You could make a combined cause and effect map with a sequence of events chains for flipping a house. The main event would be "Flipping a House." The causes could include looking for a new investment, buying an old house or seeing a great opportunity to invest.

The cause and effect map is one of the most versatile of all graphic organizers.


11 Brace Map Graphic Organizer

A brace map helps analyze the parts of a whole and the relationship between them.

Visually, a brace map looks like a sideways tree chart. The difference is that a brace map spreads out into all the parts of the original whole. The tree chart, on the other hand, is more conceptual and used for organizing rather than separating concepts.

A brace map graphic organizer about continents and oceans in the world.
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This type of organizer must include a real object or situation as the initial premise. Concepts and ideas are not what brace maps are for.

Math teachers use brace maps to help their students understand the parts that make up large numbers. By separating whole numbers into smaller parts, students can see how a number works visually. When it's time to add or subtract, students can use the knowledge learned through brace maps and feel confident about their conclusions.

For example, the number 563. The number is the initial object and to the right of it is a bracket. Inside the bracket are the parts of the number; 500, 60 and 3.

The number can be further separated by adding a brace next to each part. The parts of 500 are 100, 100, 100, 100 and 100. The parts of 60 are 30 and 30. The parts of 3 are 1, 1 and 1. Reading the brace map from right to left, all the parts add to the original whole, 563.

Outside of an academic setting, brace maps can help visualize the creation of a website. The initial object can be the website as a whole. To the right of it, a brace opens to reveal the main parts, in this case, the website's pages. Each page then opens a new brace which reveals everything that should be inside that page. A brace map can extend sideways until all the parts have been identified.

Another great use for a brace map is for workplace organization. A beautifully designed brace map can be made into a poster showing all the sections of a startup office, including who works where and where to find them. Or for a premier co-working space that houses all sorts of enterprises. A fun brace map can be used as an outline to show everyone how they can network with each other.


12 Analogy Graphic Organizer

A more unique example of a graphic organizer is the analogy organizer. This is an organizer used to find similarities between things and create analogies. In a few words, an analogy is a comparison of two things by showing their similarities.

An analogy graphic organizer about healthy foods.
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This is how an analogy works:

Superman has the power of flight as Spiderman has the power of web-slinging.

We are comparing Superman to Spiderman by using what they have in common, a superpower.

For children, creating analogies is an important part of language development. Analogy organizers make it easier for them to internalize this knowledge.

An analogy organizer can be used to create a narrative style for a piece of written work. By using the main words in an idea and creating analogies with them, it can make content more appealing. From business proposals to informative blog posts, analogies can add a personal touch.

Another use of the analogy organizer is for a training session of a new team member. With the use of analogies, the training can be more fun than just a bunch of information they need to learn.


13 T-Chart Graphic Organizer

A T-Chart is a simple, but quite versatile organizational chart.

A t-chart graphic organizer about free trade agreements.

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It's used mainly for comparing two topics. The most common use for a T-Chart is to compare the pros and cons of a decision that needs to be made. For example, what are the pros and cons of revamping your website? Seeing it all mapped out can help you make the right decision.

Other visual uses for this type of organizational chart is to compare two things through their differences. T-Charts are not for finding similarities between things.

Visually, a T-Chart has a large heading at the top with the title and two columns side by side that are filled in with information according to each topic. It visually resembles the letter T. The information can be organized as a list with text or with images to support visually.


14 Timeline Chart Graphic Organizer

A timeline chart is a long line representing a span of time. All along the line, connected shapes stem out depicting events happening on certain dates. The events are organized in chronological order.

A timeline graphic organizer about Uber's company history.
Customize this timeline chart template and make it your own!Edit and Download

The main line that depicts a span of time can be visualized horizontally, vertically or as a freeform shape. A timeline chart can sometimes look like a sequence of events chain.

The difference between the two is that a timeline chart visually depicts the dates of things that have happened while a sequence of events chain is timeless.

This particular organizational chart is a good visualization tool for the classroom. It can be used for history projects and a better understanding of historical events.


15 Storyboard Graphic Organizer

The last organizational chart in this list is the storyboard. A storyboard visually looks like a simple comic strip. The purpose of a storyboard is to visualize a story with images.

A common use for a storyboard is for video and film production. Each square in the storyboard can represent one scene in the film.

Another use for a storyboard is for UX designers to create customer personas and possible situations in which the website, app or product is used. Storyboards are also used in schools to teach sequencing and cause and effect in stories and fables.

A storyboard doesn’t need to be a static page with squares, it can also be cut into sections and used for creative writing organization. Writers can sketch the scenes in their story and organize the visual squares in any order until they are happy with the final outcome.


Create Your Own Graphic Organizer

As you can see, graphic organizers are a rich resource when it comes to creative analytical thinking processes. They help us visualize even the most complex ideas and make them tangible.

Sometimes, when we take on a new project, it can feel daunting and enormous. By using graphic organizers, we can relieve our brains of excessive thought work.

You can easily create most of the graphic organizers mentioned above in Visme with little or no design knowledge. Our library is full of professionally designed templates that you can use by simply plugging in your content, changing the colors, adding new shapes and more.

For example, it will take just a few minutes to create an idea web by adding circle shapes, lines and text. You can customize the colors, add background images and even animation and interactivity to make your graphic organizer more engaging.

Sign up for a free account and take Visme for a test drive.

How do you plan to use a graphic organizer? Which one is your favorite? Let us know your feedback, suggestions and questions in the comments section below.

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    About the Author

    Orana is a multi-faceted creative. She is a content writer, artist, and designer. She travels the world with her family and is currently in Istanbul. Find out more about her work at oranavelarde.com

    17 responses to “15 Graphic Organizers and How They Help Visualize Ideas”

    1. John v says:

      Great ,we want more examples ,more new mind maps ,info graphics that use colour flow and style and creative informative work to inspire us all.
      Keep up that talented creative work coming .good to see and learn from

      • orana says:

        Hi John. Thanks for stopping by to read our article about graphic organizers. We hope you enjoy creating graphic organizers with Visme as much as we do!

    2. Steve Roe says:

      Have you considered doing your weekly Visme introduction class at a different time of the day/week other than always Thursdays at 3 PM EST? I have a standing Rotary meeting that I attend at Thursday Noon PST (I am club secretary) and need to attend. By varying your weekly presentation time, you could get some additional engagement. I would love to learn more about Visme possibilities.

    3. Rick Gill says:

      Thanks, Orana, for an informative article, and thanks, Visme, for the free illustrated guide. Nice to (finally!) see someone else using Nancy Duarte’s sidedoc format.

      • Orana says:

        Thanks Rick.
        Our designer did a great job with these visuals didn’t she?
        Do you use graphic organizers too?

    4. David says:

      This is an interesting article thanks but can you confirm that your designers were using Visme for the examples? For example, I wanted to recreated both the ‘Double Bubble Map’ example and the ‘Flowmap- Blockchain’ one and couldn’t find the images in the Visme library of the characters animated or the flow shape within the Blockchain example. I am subscribed as a standard user. Are these images in the Visme library, as it would be somewhat disingenuous if they aren’t!

      • Orana says:

        Hi David, sorry for the late reply on your comment! Since you last tried to create graphic organizers in Visme, we added the flowchart maker which is exactly what you need to create any of the graphic organizers in this article! Let us know if you need more help with it!

    5. Henry Black says:

      Now I know how to visualize my ideas. Some of these strategies might work out. Thank you! Bye!

    6. Marjorie Guisao-Wallace says:

      Just wondering? A few years back, I attended a workshop and instructed by some mathematicians at Stanford U on the use of graphic organizers. It was noted that many educators are using the Venn Diagrams incorrectly. We were instructed that Venn Diagrams (double bubble maps) are graphics organizers that display comparisons (differences and similarities) of two distinct topics that do not seem to have any apparent relationships. I.e. apples and planet Earth.
      Apples Both have Earth
      fruit – an inner core planet
      grow on trees – living, biotic population >8 billion people

      Is this true? I like to teach the correct concepts and get away from misconceptions?

    7. Orana says:

      Hi Marjorie,
      Yes, that is how a Venn Diagram works. The connected section is where the similarities lie and the differences are on the unconnected sections. The things which are compared can be anything really. An apple and the Earth, or anything you can come up with. I hope this helps!

      I didn’t catch how educators are using the Venn Diagrams “wrong” from your comment though.

    8. nicfaust says:

      Great post. Thanks.

    9. Gaurav Verma says:

      I love the circle graphic. thanks for sharing

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